Notes of Subject Verb Agreement Class 10

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Notes on Subject Verb Agreement for Class 10

Subject verb agreement is a fundamental aspect of English grammar that many students often struggle with, especially in their early years of learning the language. However, with the right guidance and understanding, subject verb agreement can be mastered. Here are some important notes on subject verb agreement for class 10 students.

What is subject verb agreement?

Subject verb agreement refers to the matching of the subject of a sentence with the appropriate verb form. It is crucial in ensuring that a sentence is grammatically correct and easy to read for the reader. The subject is usually a noun, pronoun, or a noun phrase that is performing the action in a sentence. The verb is the action word that expresses what the subject is doing in the sentence.

For example, in the sentence “The cat chases the mouse,” the subject is “cat” and the verb is “chases.” The verb “chases” is in agreement with the singular subject “cat.”

Notes on subject verb agreement

1. Singular subjects take singular verbs

When the subject of a sentence is singular, i.e., referring to one person, place, or thing, the verb must also be singular. In other words, a singular subject requires a singular verb.

Example: The book belongs to me. (The singular subject “book” takes the singular verb “belongs.”)

2. Plural subjects take plural verbs

When the subject of a sentence is plural, i.e., referring to more than one person, place, or thing, the verb must also be plural. In other words, a plural subject requires a plural verb.

Example: The dogs are barking loudly. (The plural subject “dogs” takes the plural verb “are barking.”)

3. The verb must agree with the subject in person

The person of the subject determines the form of the verb in English. A subject can be in the first, second, or third person, and the verb must agree with the subject in person.

Example: I am going to the store. (The first person singular subject “I” takes the first person singular verb “am going.”)

4. Compound subjects take plural verbs

When two or more singular subjects are joined by “and,” they form a compound subject. In this case, the verb must be in the plural form.

Example: John and Jane are going to the movies. (The compound subject “John and Jane” takes the plural verb “are going.”)

In conclusion, subject verb agreement is an essential aspect of English grammar that students need to learn and master. By following these notes, students can achieve grammatically correct and effective communication in their writing and speaking.